Author Michael J. Collins, MD

Blue Collar, Blue Scrubs

It looked for a while as if Mike Collins would spend his life breaking concrete and throwing rocks for the Vittorio Scalese Construction Company. He liked the work and he liked the pay. But a chance remark by one of his coworkers made him realize that he wanted to involve himself in something bigger, something more meaningful than crushing rocks and drinking beer.

Blue Collar, Blue Scrubs takes readers from Mike’s days as a construction worker to his entry into medical school, expertly infusing his journey to become a doctor with humanity, compassion, and humor. From the first time he delivers a baby to being surrounded by death and pain on a daily basis, Collins compellingly writes about how medicine makes him confront, in a very deep and personal way, the nature of God and suffering—and how delicate life can be.

Blue Collar, Blue Scrubs
This is a perceptive, no-frills memoir of a surgeon who succeeded by dint of hard work and brains.
Publishers Weekly
Collins has a superb ear for dialogue, and his breezy style makes his world spring to life. What lingers, though, is the humanity.
Kirkus Reviews
. . . literary talent produces this fast-paced memoir filled with easy, unforced dialogue and authentic characters from all walks of life.

Blue Collar, Blue Scrubs is a gripping, humane, humorous and an enlightening read.
—Abraham Verghese

Collins’ gritty memoir traces his journey from a grimy construction pit to the hallowed halls of medicine. An engaging read.
—Author Sandeep Jauhar


“Our ears are battered by the thunder of the jackhammer. Our noses, thick with filtered grime, can still smell the sweet exhaust from the compressor running wide-open next to us. Our throats and tongues are dry and raspy from inhaling the desiccating clouds of limestone. Little pieces of grit coat our skin. We can feel them in our hair, under our shirts, down our pants, in our boots. They flow in rivulets of sweat that drop from our chins and wrists.

As I heave another piece of concrete onto the truck, I glance back to the spot where, twenty feet away, Rosie is bent over to pick up the next rock. The sun is behind him, and as the sunlight filters through the soot and dust, it catches a drop of sweat poised on the tip of his chin. Time stops for a moment as the drop glistens in the thick, dusty air. The glimmering bead of sweat looks so startlingly fresh and pure as it hovers there, swells and then drops to the ground.”

* * *

“Okay. So I have to go back and take some pre-med courses. That’s doable. But then I think, What am I, nuts? Taking all those pre-med courses is not something I could knock off in a few weeks. I’d have to go back to school for two years! All that work, all that tuition, all that time—on the outside chance that some medical school might let me in?

It’s too bad I didn’t take those science courses in college. It’s too bad I didn’t major in pre-med. It’s too bad I didn’t do a lot of things—but I didn’t, and that’s that. Get over it. It’s time to accept the fact that this door is closed. It’s time to move on.

But I can’t move on. I try, but I can’t, and now I’m stuck with this stupid, hopeless dream of becoming a doctor. I’m about to throw away two years of my life chasing a dream that has very little chance of coming true.

Well, no one’s holding a gun to my head. No one is saying I have to do this.

But a line from Tennyson keeps running through my head. “Tis not too late to seek a newer world,” the aging Ulysses tells his men.

Maybe, just maybe, it’s not too late for me, either.”

* * *

“I knew this stuff would be hard—but not this hard. I am becoming almost paranoid about studying, deathly afraid that I must master every nuance of every footnote of every sub text in every book. But time is a limited resource and I have to learn to be better about rationing mine. I spend four days studying my brains out for a 10-point quiz only to realize that I have a two-hundred point test coming up two days later.

It’s one thing to tell yourself that you have to memorize everything on this page. You can do that. But try to tell yourself that you have to memorize everything on these forty pages. You threaten yourself. You flog yourself. You tell yourself you are a gutless wimp if you don’t master these pages. You know there is a limit to what you can demand of yourself, but lowering your standards is not going to get you into medical school.

Nothing matters, nothing. Not your friends, not common sense, not exhaustion, not the verbalized concern of your parents, nor the concern-masked-as-ridicule of your brothers. They don’t get it, you tell yourself. They don’t realize that if you don’t master this stuff you are screwed. If you don’t get a 96 or more on this test then you won’t get an A for this quarter which means you won’t get an A for the semester which means you won’t get into medical school, which means you have failed. And you have invested so much time and energy into this quest that to fail means everything. Fail and you might as well jump off a bridge.”

* * *

“I smile at Patti and go back to staring out the window. How can this wonderful woman be married to me? How can this beautiful baby really be mine? Five years ago I was a socially awkward, drifting kid, working construction by day and driving a cab at night. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life. I hadn’t met Patti, and I was afraid I never would. I had yet to ask myself life’s great questions. I had yet to ask myself any questions.

I have gone from a boozing, bruising laborer on a breakout gang to a husband, father and doctor in five years. I know it took a lot of dedication and hard work, yet I hardly feel responsible for, or worthy of, any of it. I feel like I have been dropped, undeserving, into a life I always dreamed of having. I’m not at all sure I have been the architect of my fate. Sometimes I think I have merely been the beneficiary of it.”

Book Club Questions

  1. Mike begins the book by observing that two plus two doesn’t always equal four. To what is he referring?
  2. Many readers have been struck by the relationship Mike has with his fellow construction workers. They seem able to kid each other about their ethnicity with neither the rancor of the bigot nor the insipid pretentiousness of the politically correct. Do you find this believable? What characteristics might these workers have that much of our society seems to lack? What lessons might we learn from them?
  3. The strength Mike draws from his large family is never acknowledged, but is almost palpable nevertheless. Are we given any clues as to what made his family tick?
  4. When Mike has his interview for med school he asks the dean of admissions to consider more than just grades. How realistic is that? How realistic do we want it to be? As health care consumers, would we rather have a doctor who spent his entire college career studying diligently to prepare for medical school or someone who worked construction and drove cabs?
  5. Mike wonders, at one point, why they never talk about moral issues in medical school. “People are going to look to us someday for help in deciding important issues like abortion, infanticide, the death penalty, assisted suicide and euthanasia,” he says. “Why do we spend weeks on lysosomes, membrane channels and protein synthesis and not one day on the definition of life?” Do we want our doctors to advise us on such things? Or is their proper role to stick to the purely physical?
  6. At one point Mike expresses dismay that he and his fellow medical students are never encouraged to think some of the deeper lessons of life and medicine. “There seems to be an assumption that medical students should be taught the mechanics of medicine, but the spirit of medicine they should learn on their own.” What does this say about our system of medical education? Is this, perhaps, why many of us find our doctors cold and unsympathetic? Have sympathy and sensibility been bred out of them?
  7. Medical students need to learn. Mike describes how they learn to draw blood by practicing on each other. But what about other times (doing rectal exams, performing surgery)? Is anyone troubled by the morality of students learning from and practicing on real patients? Would you let a medical student practice on you?
  8. “There is so much to learn and so little room for failure,” Mike comments about medicine. How much room for failure should we allow our doctors? Is every mistake a doctor makes malpractice? Should they be sued every time they don’t make the correct diagnosis? every time a surgery isn’t entirely successful?
  9. We want our doctors to be human, to sympathize with us. But doctors in training are often told that they must stay detached in order to retain their objectivity. “I want doctors to be intimately and deeply involved with every patient,” Mike says. “I want them to feel her pain, to walk in her shoes, to laugh and cry with her. But I also want them to be able to be objective, to be analytical, to be always prepared to make the difficult decisions. And that isn’t all. Despite their having poured their heart and soul into the care of their patient, I want them to be able to go home and put all that stuff in a different place and be able to have a normal home life, to retain the capacity to laugh and love with their family, and not be drained emotionally.” Collins seems to come to the conclusion that this isn’t realistic. Do you agree?
  10. Both Mike and his wife Patti, looking back, have said their first few years of marriage, when they had nothing, were among the happiest of their lives. Why might that be? Is there ever a time when it is a blessing not to have a lot of material possessions?
  11. Mike has said elsewhere that starting the IV on the burned infant, Heather (described in chapter 20) was the most disturbing and painful thing he has ever had to do in his medical career. He is tormented by the notion that he and the other residents were “practicing” on Heather. And yet he, and all of us, realize that, as Mike says, “The Chief of Surgery can’t start every IV, can’t change every dressing, can’t perform every surgery.” How do we reconcile this?
  12. In chapter 21, Mike is made to function as an intern because the real intern has committed suicide. Doctors commit suicide at a rate far greater than the normal population. Why might that be?
  13. Mike is concerned about the little baby in the ICU with the brain damage. His resident tells him to forget about the child. “He’s a veg,” the resident says. But Mike can’t let it go. “If I… ignore this child it means I have accepted something I don’t want to accept. It seems an abandonment of my principles. If you love enough, if you care enough, if you try enough, shouldn’t you be able to overcome the obstacles life puts in your way? If I ignore this child, am I not acknowledging that there some fights better left unfought, some dreams better left undreamt?” Ultimately he decides that yes, there are. Do you agree?
  14. How do you feel about the resident who makes Mike learn to insert a subclavian line on the patient who had just died? Do you accept the resident’s justification that “This guy’s dead… But the next one won’t be. And maybe the next one will be your father or my father. And maybe he will die if Collins doesn’t know how to put in a subclavian.”?
  15. In the chapter about the woman who dies of metastatic breast cancer, Mike describes the “well intentioned path” of her treatment. Each step seems reasonable enough, but ultimately the patient finds that her treatment is prolonging her death, not her life. Did, in fact, her doctors go wrong somewhere? What might they have done differently?
  16. In the Afterword Mike presents his vision of the facts, the story and the truth. Do you find his assessment accurate? In light of recent revelations of memoirists who have fabricated significant parts of their memoir, how closely do you think a memoirist must stick to the absolute, literal truth? Mike implies that readers won’t mind that he calls the construction company he worked for “Scalese” instead of “Scapone.” Is this true? Do you mind? Should any latitude be afforded a memoirist in telling his story?